Urea is a waste material produced by the body of humans and a few other animals after the metabolism of protein and can also be synthesized artificially from inorganic compounds. There are multiple applications of urea, from serving as a raw material in synthesizing other chemicals, to an ingredient in fertilizer, resins, plastics, and other commercial products.
The urea market outlook is promising as the production is expected to breach the $65 billion mark by 2021-2022. The current surplus situation is likely to continue over the next five years, reaching 8 percent of the total supply availability. Around 70 percent of the overall growth capacity will be led by North America, Africa, Eastern Europe, and Central Asia while the demand will rise in areas of Latin America and South Asia.
Job Opportunities in Urea Market
There are numerous job opportunities in the urea market, since the process of synthesizing urea is relatively simple and the applications for the final product are many. The job opportunities can be divided based on the state of urea used.
Here are 3 major fields which offer job opportunities in the urea market:
The synthesis of the chemical of urea is a separate job industry in itself, forming a part of chemical production. For industrial use in large quantities, urea needs to be synthesized in large quantities as well. Generally, for industrial purposes, urea is produced from the reaction of carbon dioxide with ammonia. Since massive quantities of carbon dioxide are formed as a result of the manufacturing of synthetic ammonia, production plants for urea are typically located close to ammonia manufacturing plants.
To secure a job in the chemical production industry, consider opting for a degree in chemical engineering. Other helpful degrees would be in the fields of chemistry and material sciences. Since the demand for urea is higher in developing countries such as India, there are correspondingly more jobs so as to reduce dependency on imports.
From the total global production of urea, more than 90 percent is used in fertilizers. Urea has the most nitrogen content in comparison to other common solid nitrogenous fertilizers and is highly soluble in water, making it ideal for use in fertilizers. In addition, urea-based fertilizers can be used in a variety of environmental conditions and on a wide range of crops. Accordingly, the maximum number of jobs in the urea market is in the field of fertilizers.
Within the fertilizer industry, jobs can be divided into the roles of operators, engineers, and managers, based on education and experience. The hiring of operators typically considers practical skills and technical training, while the engineers are hired with more of a focus on the educational background. For a job as an engineer, candidates are required to have a degree in chemical engineering, mechanical engineering or material science. Managers are required to have experience in management and ideally a degree in management, in addition to meeting the educational criterion.
Apart from the established synthesis and applications of urea, there is certainly potential in developing more energy efficient methods of synthesis and other applications. Since the supply of urea is in excess of the demand, research centers, government and private are investing time and energy in identifying additional uses of urea. To pursue job opportunities in research, advanced qualifications in chemistry, as well as a Ph.D., will be recommended.
Career Opportunities in Agriculture Sector
Agriculture is one of the oldest professions in the world, and played a key role in the establishment of sedentary communities. Over the centuries, the popularity of a career in agriculture has gone down, but the opportunities have only increased exponentially with the increasing population. China is the world’s largest agricultural contributor followed by India.
The field of agriculture consists of a wide variety of career options, beyond the ‘farmer’ stereotype, and jobs are available in the private sector and with the government. Career options in agriculture include agricultural engineering, agricultural economics, agronomy, plant genetics, horticulture, pisciculture and dairy farming.
To pursue a degree in the field of agriculture, you can study B.Sc Agricultural Studies, which will provide knowledge on the various aspects of agriculture, or if you have a specific area of interest you can explore courses in that specific area. There are 49 universities in India offering agricultural studies.
After completing your studies in agriculture or an allied field, you can apply for a job with state agriculture departments as an agriculture officer, quality assurance officer, research officer, farm manager, operations manager, and production manager. In the private sector, you can apply for a job in agriculture producing units, plantations, and agriculture machinery industries, among others.
The field of agriculture overall and the urea market, in particular, are sectors that are booming and expected to grow further. In comparison to the corporate industry, the competition in agriculture and urea market is less, and opportunities are more. While the careers may be considered off-beat in comparison to desk jobs, based on your interest a career in agriculture or in the urea market can be fulfilling and interesting.